(Image source from: Freepik.com)
Five Common Nutritional Deficiencies among Children:- Caring for a child involves more than just providing education and basic needs; it also entails ensuring that they receive a well-rounded diet. It is crucial for parents to be aware of the common nutritional deficiencies that children may experience and how to prevent them. Children worldwide suffer from various ailments, some of which are caused by a lack of specific nutrients. Ignoring the signs and symptoms of these deficiencies can have long-term negative effects on a child's health. Let us explore some common deficiencies in children and strategies to prevent them.
One common deficiency is iron deficiency, which can lead to anemia in children. Anemia occurs when the body doesn't have enough hemoglobin due to a lack of iron. To address this, parents should incorporate iron-rich foods into their child's diet, such as beans, green vegetables, red meat, bread, poultry, and beetroot juice.
Another important nutrient is vitamin D, which is essential for bone growth, a strong immune system, and a healthy heart. The best way to combat vitamin D deficiency is through exposure to sunlight.
In order to ensure proper growth and development in children, it is important to address deficiencies in essential minerals like zinc, calcium, and potassium. Zinc plays a crucial role in promoting digestion, immunity, cognitive functions, and sex hormone development. To combat zinc deficiency, it is recommended to incorporate foods such as meats, eggs, dairy products, seeds, nuts, whole wheat breads, cereals, and beans into their diet.
Calcium is responsible for strengthening bones, aiding muscle function, regulating the heart, and promoting blood clotting. To prevent calcium deficiency in children, it is advised to provide them with sources of calcium such as milk, milk products, green vegetables, tofu, fish, nuts, and beans.
Potassium, an essential nutrient, supports bone growth, overall body development, and proper nerve function. A lack of potassium, known as hypokalaemia, can be prevented by ensuring children consume a variety of fruits, vegetables, white and black beans, pulses, and edamame.