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Why is Thyroid Test necessary during Pregnancy?:- Thyroid screening during pregnancy is crucial to detect any abnormalities in thyroid function early on. The thyroid gland plays a vital role in maintaining hormone balance, metabolism, and overall health. During pregnancy, the thyroid hormones, T3 and T4, are especially important for supporting fetal growth.
Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, can lead to low thyroid hormone levels, which may result in fatigue, weight gain, and developmental issues in the fetus. Testing the levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and pre-thyroxine (pre-T4) can help diagnose and manage hypothyroidism during pregnancy, ensuring appropriate treatment to maintain hormone balance.
On the other hand, hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid, can cause symptoms such as anxiety, rapid heartbeat, and weight loss. It carries the risk of complications like preterm birth and low birth weight. Regular thyroid testing allows for early detection and proper management, often involving adjustments to medication.
Proper thyroid function is essential for the development of the fetal brain and nervous system. Inadequate thyroid function during pregnancy can lead to developmental problems in the child. Therefore, thyroid testing is crucial to ensure optimal hormone levels for healthy fetal development.
Overall, thyroid screening is an important component of prenatal care, as it helps identify thyroid dysfunction and enables timely intervention and treatment to protect both the mother and the growing fetus.