How do you like green plants on moon? Wonderful! Thought so, but you cannot see them from earth. Moon will look the same from earth even if forestation happens there.
NASA of United States wants to grow plants on moon by 2015. For that all preparations are going on like germination of plants in lunar gravity and radiation on moon which are basic things. Apart from it, we of course need other things like fertilization and watering.
Moon Express Lander, a commercial spacecraft will carry 1 kg of mass to moon. Basil, Arabidopsis and turnips Seeds will be taken first which plants are basic human life supporters and they will be watered after landing on the moon in 2015. The seedlings will first be developed in a growth chamber in the space craft landed on moon for 5 to 10 days.
"As seedlings they can be as sensitive as humans to environmental conditions sometimes even more so. They carry genetic material that can be damaged by radiation as can that of humans. They can test the lunar environment for us acting as a canary in a coal mine. If we send plants and they thrive then we probably can. Thriving plants are needed for life support (food, air, water) for colonists. And plants provide psychological comfort as the popularity of the greenhouses in Antarctica and on the Space Station show," Nasa said.
NASA added, "We would use the natural sunlight on the moon as the source of illumination for plant germination. Plant growth at Earth gravity has been well studied and there has been a lot of research on plant growth in microgravity on Shuttle and Space Station. The surface of the Moon however is the only location in which the effects of both lunar gravity and lunar radiation on plant growth can be studied. Eventually human exploration of the Moon will require plant growth systems for life support. Germination is the first step in plant growth and thus forms the focus of this first experiment."
The growth and movement of the plants will be compared with the identical ones on the Earth.